People of Zamfara and their Culture


Zamfara is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Gusau and its Governor is Bello Matawalle, a member of the People's Democratic Party (PDP). Until 1996 the area was part of Sokoto State.

  • Zamfara is populated with the Hausa and Fulani peoples. Major groups of people are the Zamfarawa mainly in Anka, Gummi, Bukkuyum and Talata Mafara Local Governments areas. Gobirawa populated Shinkafi Local Government. Gobirawa actually migrated from the Gobir Kingdom. Burmawa are found in Bakura and Fulani peopled Bungudu, Maradun, Gusau and are scattered all over the State. In Tsafe, Bungudu and Maru Local Governments are mainly Katsinawa, Garewatawa and Hadejawa. While Alibawa peopled Kaura Namoda and Zurmi.
  • The people of Zamfara have over the years struggled for autonomy, it was not until 1996 that the then military administration of the Late General Sani Abacha detached the Zamfara State from Sokoto State. With an area of 38,418 square kilometres, it is bordered in the North by Niger republic, to the South by Kaduna State. In the east, it is bordered by Katsina State and to the West by Sokoto and Niger States. It has a population of 3,278,873 according to the 2006 census and contains fourteen local government areas.


Numerous cultural festivals are done in Zamfara state among which are; installation of emir and chiefs, entertainment of August visitors, wrestling, fishing and hunting festivals. the widely spoken language are Hausa and Fulfulde while English remain their official Language The majority ethnic groups of the people are:


The state has two notable vegetation which are Sub-Sudan zone and Northern Guinea Savanna, the sun Sudan zone are marked by short grasses interspersed by short trees, the vegetation is thick with grasses and trees.

  • The climate is tropical marked by dry season, Raining season commences in April and end latest October. The average rainfall in northern part is 795mm while 1011mm in the southern part. The average temperature is 28 oc.