Brief History of the State

According to history, it was said that over the years, the Zamfara people have fought for autonomy- a chance to govern and manage their affairs and people, but it wasn’t until 1996 that the 38,418 square kilometres of Zamfara State were separated from Sokoto State by the then military regime of the late General Sani Abacha, under which Jibril Yakubu served as the first governor.

The capital city of Zamfara is Gusau, and its inhabitants are mainly Hausa and Fulani, with a population of over 5,833,494 Its borders are Katsina State to the east, the Republic of Niger to the north, Kaduna State to the south, and the states of Sokoto, Kebbi, and Niger to the west.

Other inhabitants of Zamfara State include Gwari, Kamuku, Kambari, Dukawa, Bussawa, and Zabarma, as well as the Igbo, Yoruba, Kanuri, Nupe, and Tiv ethnic groups.


Just like in every other state in the northern parts of the country, Islam is the major religion of the Zamfara people. However, Christianity also exists, but there are not many Christians in the state. There are also some people who practice the native religion of their ancestors. 

Meanwhile, history has it that Zamfara was the first state in Nigeria to introduce Sharia law during the tenure of Ahmad Sani Yerima, the former Governor of the state.


People and Culture

People and Culture According to the 2022 population census in Zamfara State, the inhabitants of the state are estimated at about 5,833,494 composed mainly of Hausa and Fulani people. Also, the Anka, Gummi, Bukkuyum, and Talata Mafara local governments are primarily where the Zamfarawa live. Meanwhile, Shinkafi Local Government is inhabited by Gobirawa. Actually, Gobirawa originated in the Gobir Kingdom. Burmawa is located in Bakura, and Fulanis live sporadically throughout the state in Bungudu, Maradun, and Gusau.


Mineral Resources Discovered
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The main industries and economic drivers in the state are agriculture and gold mining. Because cereals and legumes need irrigation, the phrase “farming is our pride” was coined, and since then, the agricultural produce of the Zamfara people has been contributing to the economic growth of the state. According to research, the majority of people (about 80%) work in the agricultural sector and are mostly subsistence farmers. Thus, millet, Guinea corn, maize, rice, groundnuts, cotton, tobacco, and beans are among the main products. Because agriculture gives young people in the state access to food, raw materials, and work possibilities, the state is noted for its farming industry.